Degree-of-Comparison-

Degree of Comparison

Degree of Comparison: Changes of Degrees-Basic

Today we are going to discuss on Degree of Comparison, types of degrees, definition, examples, and exercises etc.

 Example Table No:1

Example Discussion/Explanation
(a) Mim is a good girl. (a) নং Sentence-এ ১ জনের জন্য তুলনা বা একজনকেই ভাল বলা হয়েছে ।
(b) Mim is better than Mithila in class ten. (b)  নং Sentence-এ Mim ও Nurjahan এর মধ্যে তুলনা করে Mim কে better  বলা হয়েছে ।
(c) Nurjahan is the best girl in class ten out of 50 students. (c)  নং বাক্যে Nurjahan দশম শ্রেনীর সকল ছাত্রীর মধ্যে best বলা হয়েছে ।

Example Table No:2

Example Discussion/Explanation
(a) Gold is valuable. (a)  নং Sentence–এ Gold কে মূল্যবান বলা হলো ।
(b) Gold is more valuable than silver. (b)  নং Sentence-এ Gold  কে silver এর থেকেও মূল্যবান/ valuable বলা হলো ।
(c) Diamond is the most valuable in all metal. (c)  নং Sentence–এ  Diamond কে সব ধাতুর/metal এর মধ্যে মূল্যবান বলা হলো ।

আলোচনা বা ব্যাক্ষা করে আমরা বুঝতে/জানতে পারলাম ব্যাক্তি, বস্তু বা কোন বিষয়ের মধ্যে তিন ধরনের তুলনা করা যায় । অথাৎ, একটি অপরটির চেয়ে কতটা দোষ বা গুনের তার পরিমান বের করা যায় এই মাধ্যম দ্বারা ।

সুতরাং একটি অপরটির চেয়ে দোষ বা গুনের যে পরিমান বুঝায় সে পরিমানকে Degree of comparison বলে ।

Degrees of comparison ৩ প্রকার । যথা-

  1. Positive degree.
  2. Comparative degree.
  3. Superlative degree.

Example Table No:3

Degree Discussion/Explanation Examples
1. Positive degree: যখন  Adjective–এর degree’র (মাত্রা) তুলনা করা যায় না (সাধারণ গুন প্রকাশ করা যায়), তখন Adjective–এর Positive degree হয় । a. Fatema is a tall girl.

b. Layla is a brilliant student.

2. Comparative degree: যখন Adjective–এর degree’র মাধ্যমে দুই বা ততোধিক ব্যক্তি বা বস্তুর সহিত তুলনা করা হয় তখন Adjective–এর Comparative degree হয় । a. Fatema is taller than any Farhana.

b. Layla is more brilliant than FTJ

3. Superlative degree: যখন  Adjective–এর মাধ্যমে অনেকের মধ্যে তুলনা করা হয় তখন Adjective–এর Superlative degree হয় । a. Fatema is the tallest girl in class nine.

b. Nadia is the most brilliant student in class nine.

Example Table No:4

Positive degree: Comparative degree: Superlative degree:
1. No other girl is as beautiful as Nusaibah in our family. Nusaibah is more beautiful than any other girl in our family. Nusaibah is the most beautiful girl in our family.
2. Very few boys are as wise as  Rashed in our friend-circle. Rashed is wiser than most other boys in our friend-circle. Rashed is one of the wisest boys in our friend-circle.
3. Anim is as noble as Tanim Tanim is not nobler than Anim x
4 As soon as Anim came, Tanim went out. No sooner had Anim come than Tanim went out. x

Note:

  1. We use no other, very few, as…as and as soon as in the positive degree.
  2. We use than any other, than most other, than and no sooner had in the comparative degree.
  3. We also use “the+ superlative degree” and “one of the+ superlative degree” in Superlative Degree.

If we want to transform from one degree to another, we can do it in the following base:

  1. Positive to Comparative/Superlative
  2. Comparative to Positive/Superlative
  3. Superlative to Positive/Comparative

For doing the above transformation, we have to learn 4 rules of changing degrees and they are in the below links:

Changing Degrees -Rule-1

Changing Degrees -Rule-2

Changing Degrees -Rule-3

Changing Degrees -Rule-4

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Md Sayed Ali

Md Sayed Ali

I am an English Teacher at KGSC, Dhaka. Besides teaching students, I love to work on Digital Marketing, Blogging, Video Editing, Photography & youtube. All of these are my subjects of interest along with I am a freelance web designer and developer with WordPress. I am a business-minded person and very quick to learn and deliver with honesty and dedication.

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