Narration Rules of reporting verb and linkers

We have to transform narration from direct to indirect according to the types of the sentence of reported speech. Now we are going to discuss narration rules of reporting verb and linkers.

 

  1. Speech-Assertive Sentence:
Reporting verb linkers Direct speech: Indirect speech:
said

told

remark

regret

comment

declare

affirm

hope

that Sadia said to Hasan , “I meet you” Sadia told Hasan that she (S)  met him (H).
Sadia said to Hasan , “I will meet you” Sadia told Hasan that she (S) would meet him (H).
Borsha said to Happy, “I shall want to study in MBBS.” Borsha told Happy that she (B) would want to study in MBBS.
Fariya said to Konika, “My brother completes his HW daily.” Fariya told Konika that her brother completed his HW daily.

 

  1. Speech-Interrogative Sentence:
Reporting verb linkers Direct speech: Indirect speech:
asked if/

whether

Sadia said to Hasan, “Do I meet you?” Sadia asked Hasan if she (S)  met him (H).
Sadia said to Hasan, “WilI you meet me?” Sadia asked Hasan if he (Hassan) would meet her (S).
Hassan said to Kamal, “What is your name?” Hassan asked Kamal what his (Kamal) name was.
Hassan said to me, “How do you know it?” Hassan asked me how I knew it.

 

  1. Speech-Imperative Sentence:
Reporting verb linkers Direct speech: Indirect speech:
Requested

ordered

advised

forbade,

commanded

tell

ask

beg

encouraged

recommend

to Nusaibah said to Farhan, “Help  me” Nusaibah requested Farhan to help her (N)
Nusaibah said to Farhan, “Do it at once” Nusaibah ordered Farhan to do it at once.
The doctor said to the patient, “Follow the rules of health” The doctor advised the patient to follow the rules of health.
Jannay said to Hridy, “Do work for the society” Jannay advised Hridy to do work for the society.
Tabassum said to Kanij, “perform your prayer in five times in a day.” Tabassum advised Kanij to perform her prayer in five times in a day.

 

  1. Speech-Optative Sentence:
Reporting verb linkers Direct speech: Indirect speech:
Prayed

wished

that The teacher said to the student, “May Allah help you.” The teacher wished that  Allah might help you.
Poppy said to Maisha, “May Allah bless you.” Poppy wished that Allah might bless her.
  1. Speech-Exclamatory Sentence:
Reporting verb linkers Direct speech: Indirect speech:
exclaimed with joy that I  said to you, “Hurrah! We have won the game.” I  exclaimed with joy that we had won the game.
Exclaimed with sorrow/grief She said to him, “Alas! I am undone.” She exclaimed with sorrow/grief that she was undone.
exclaimed with wonder She said to her, “What a fine bird it is!” She exclaimed with wonder that it was a very fine bird.

Now your turn

 

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Md Sayed Ali

Md Sayed Ali

I am an English Teacher at KGSC, Dhaka. Besides teaching students, I love to work on Digital Marketing, Blogging, Video Editing, Photography & youtube. All of these are my subjects of interest along with I am a freelance web designer and developer with WordPress. I am a business-minded person and very quick to learn and deliver with honesty and dedication.
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