বাক্যে কিকি শব্দ থাকলো বুঝাবো যে কখন Present Participle ও কখন Past Participle হবে ?  আজ আমরা প্শিখতে যাচ্ছি কখন Present Participle ও কখন Past Participle হবে ।

Let’s see the difference Present Participle between Past Participle

১টি Sentence- এ Present Participle বা Past Participle হবে ২টি বিষয়ের উপর নির্ভর করে ।সেগুলি হলো :

১) Sentence-এ Auxiliary verb এর উপর নির্ভর করে ।

২) কিছু Adverbial Word এর উপর নির্ভর করে ।

 

Principal verb এর চারটি আছে । যথা:

১. Present form form

২. Present participle form

৩. Past form

৪. Past participle form

 

নিচে উদাহরণ দিয়ে বুঝিয়ে দেওয়া হলো:

Present form Present participle Past form Past participle form
see seeing saw seen
drink drinking drank drunk
go going went gone

 

Present participle হওয়ার কারন/ব্যাখ্যা:

  1. কিছু Auxiliary verb যেমন:-
Auxiliary verb in the following sentence structure Example
Subject+AV(am, is, are)+PV+ing+Object I am driving a car.
Subject+AV(have been, has been )+PV+ing+Object She has been teaching in the college.
Subject+AV(was, were)+PV+ing+Object He was watching a movie.
Subject+AV(had been )+PV+ing+Object Nusaibah had been observing the matters.
Subject+AV(shall be, will be )+PV+ing+Object You will be doing exercise.
Subject+AV(shall have been, will have been )+PV+ing+Object They will have been dancing in the stage.

 

(2) Adverbal word: Now, at this moment, at present, continuously, constantly ইত্যাদি sentence-এ থাকলে Present continuous tense হবে ।

Adverbial word Example in the sentence
now Now I am making a note on Present participle.
at this moment You are reading this article at this moment.
at present At present, the price of rice is increasing.
continuously She is asking me questions continuously.
constantly He is disturbing her constantly.

(3)Since/for+time:

  1. We have been trying this to do since morning.
  2. They have been trying this to do for 2 hours.

 

Past Participle হওয়ার কারন/ব্যাখ্যা:

  1. Sentence-এ যদি have, has, had, shall have এবং will have Auxiliary verb থাকে তবে Sentence টি perfect tense হবে  এবং principal verb  টি past participle হবে ।
Auxiliary verb in the following sentence structure Example
Have We have completed the task what you have given us.
Has She has drunk coffee.
Had I had come before the train started.
Shall have I shall have done by this time.
Will have They will have come by tomorrow.

 

  1. just, just now, recently, lately, never, ever, already ইত্যাদি Sentence–এ থাকলে Sentence টি present perfect tense হবে । অথাৎ Principal verb এর past participle হবে ।
Adverbial word Example in the sentence
just We have completed the task just.
just now I have received your letter just now.
Recently Recently she has changed her house.
lately You have seen it lately.
never You have never seen it before.
ever I have seen it ever.
already He has done it already.
  1. Sentence টি যদি passive sentence হয় তবে principal verb টি past participle হবে ।

যেমন- Rice is eaten by me.

You can watch this video.

 

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Md Sayed Ali

Md Sayed Ali

I am an English Teacher of KGSC, Dhaka. I am also a Content Writer and a Motion Graphics Designer. Teaching in the classroom is my profession and writing content for the website is my passion. I also love to play with Motion Graphics as a freelancer.
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